Scottish Fold

The Scottish Fold is a distinct domesticated known for a genetic mutation which causes its ears to fold down flat on against its head. Scottish Folds are usually short haired cats, but long haired varieties do exist. While the named attribute of the Scottish Fold are its ears, it is possible for straight-eared Scottish Folds to be bred. Scottish Folds are generally bred in order to retain the ear fold, but minimize the other adverse effects the genetic mutation may cause. Because it is a genetic mutation, problems may still arise, and the history of this breed has been somewhat complicated by this fact. Scottish Folds come in a wide variety of colors and coat patterns, to include ginger cats, pure white cats and calico cats. They can be short haired or long haired, and the long haired varieties are called several different names, including the Highland Fold. Despite this, the face of the Scottish Fold is generally distinctive, featuring a rounded head and large, round eyes. Scottish Folds are born with normal ears, but slowly as they grow the ears will begin to lie flat against their heads. The weight of the Scottish Fold normally ranges between 6 to 13 pounds giving it a medium build. The Scottish Fold has a tendency to develop a stocky, compact frame. The disposition of a Scottish Fold is generally calm and affectionate, with a soft meow. Scottish Folds are extremely loyal and intelligent cats, are usually playful, and adapt well to different situations. Because of this the Scottish Fold is an extremely popular choice for families and those with children. Scottish Folds also have some unique habits, such as sitting with their legs stretched and lying on their back with their stomach exposed. The sociability of these cats makes them extremely popular as companions. Scottish Folds have an average lifespan of 15 years. Medically, they may be more disposed to cardiomyopathy and polycystic kidney disease. The breed is especially susceptible to a disease known as osteochondrodysplasia, which is the same disease that causes the ear folds to be present. While there are certain steps that breeders take to avoid this disease, it is still a risk. This is a painful and degenerative joint disease that can also lead to arthritis in the cats. Because of the risk of this disease, the breeding of Scottish Fold cats is closely monitored and somewhat controversial. While the adverse effects of this disease are not prevalent enough to call for a discontinuation of breeding, it is still cause for concern among the cat community.
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